- ORGANISM: Insect.
- SPECIES: Family Cimicidae. Common bed bug is species Cimex lectularius.
- LIFE CYCLE: Males inject sperm directly into the female body cavity, and the females then lay their eggs in the surrounding environment.
- DISEASE CAUSED: Rash
- SYMPTOMS: Intense itching, scab, rash, papules.
- INCUBATION PERIOD: 24 hours to 9 days.
- POPULATION AFFECTED: Warm blooded mammals.
- RESERVOIR: Environment of host.
- VECTOR: None.
- TRANSMISSION: Contact with the insect.
- GEOGRAPHY: Worldwide.
- TREATMENT: Environment must be rid of the insects by way of pesticides, controlled atmospheres, biological control with predatory species, or traditional methods such as certain plants. Skin can be treated with topical cream or antihistamine.
- PREVENTION: Proper sanitation, reduce home clutter, and avoid contact with insects of Family Cimicidae.
ORGANISM Bed Bugs are small insects that feed on the warm blood of mammals. Bed Bugs feed by way of sucking mouth parts, just as their fellow members of Order Hempitera do as well. Adults grow to 4–5 mm in length and 1.5–3 mm wide. The name ‘bed bug’ is derived from the insect’s preferred habitat infesting houses and especially beds or other common areas where people may sleep. Bedbugs, though not strictly nocturnal, are mainly active at night and are capable of feeding unnoticed on their hosts, who mostly notice the presence of bed bugs after the appearance of an itchy rash on their skin.
SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Animalia – Arthropoda – Insecta – Hemiptera – Cimicidae
LIFE CYCLE The male fertilizes the female Bed Bug by piercing her body cavity with hypodermic genitalia and depositing semen into her body cavity. The female will then lay her eggs in the surrounding environment of the preferred feeding location.
DISEASE In general Bed Bugs are only noticed after they feed on a host and have departed, leaving an itchy rash or papules at the site of feeding.
SYMPTOMS Bed bug bites are difficult to diagnose due to the variability in bite response between people, and due to the change in skin reaction for the same person over time. Bed bugs are responsible for loss of sleep, discomfort, disfiguring from numerous bites and occasionally bites may become infected.